石家庄奥数网
石家庄

2022年大事记

奥数石家庄站 > 小升初 > 学习资料 > 正文

小升初英语:易错题详解汇总

来源:家长帮   作者:奥数网整理   2015-12-16 10:24:59

  小升初英语考试中常出现一些容易犯错的试题,下面小编将这些易错题汇总起来,供大家复习时练习。

  1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn't go to work. (×)

  Because he was ill yesterday, he didn't go to work. (√)

  He was ill yesterday, so he didn't go to work. (√)

  [析] 用though, but表示"虽然……,但是…… "或用because, so 表示"因为……,所以……"时,though和but 及because和so 都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。

  2.The Smiths have moved Beijing. (×)

  The Smiths have moved to Beijing. (√)

  [析] 不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词。

  3.The box is too heavy for him to carry it. (×)

  The box is too heavy for him to carry. (√)

  [析] the box既是这句话的主语, 也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了。

  4.Each of the boys have a pen. (×)

  Each of the boys has a pen. (√)

  [析] 复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of 等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。

  5.例:那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?

  Neither he nor you is good at English. (×)

  Neither he nor you are good at English. (√)

  [析] either... or..., neither... nor..., not only..., but also... 等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循"就近一致原则", 即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。

  6.Ten minus three are seven. (×)

  Ten minus three is seven. (√)

  [析] 用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。

  7.The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000. (×)

  The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000. (√)

  [析] the number of表示"……的数量",谓语动词用单数形式;a number of 的意思是"若干"或"许多",相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。

  8. 例. Hello! I have important something to tell you. (×)

  Hello! I have something important to tell you. (√)

  [析] 形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。

  9. His son is enough old to go to school. (×)

  His son is old enough to go to school. (√)

  [析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后。

  10.. Here is your sweater, put away it.(×)

  Here is your sweater, put it away. (√)

  [析] put away, pick up, put on等"动词+副词"构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间。

  11. Look! Here the bus comes.(×)

  Look! Here comes the bus.(√)

  [析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用"Here /There+动词+名词"结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用"Here/There +代词+动词"结构。

  12. I do well in playing football, _______. (我妹妹也行。)A. so my sister does(×)B. so does my sister(√)

  Li Lei is really a football fan. --- _______. (确实这样.) A. So is he(×) B. So he is(√)

  [析] "so+be动词/助动词+主语"的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为"……也是这样";"so+主语+be动词/助动词"的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为"……确实如此"。

  13.重庆比中国的其他城市都大。

  Chongqing is larger than any city in China. (×)Chongqing is larger than any other city in China. (√)

  [析] "any city in China"包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。

  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing. (×)

  The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing . (√)

  [析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。

  14, His sister married with a teacher last summer.(×)

  His sister married a teacher last summer. (√)

  [析] 表达"A和B结婚",要用A married/will marry B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。

  15. 例There is going to have a film tonight. (×)

  There is going to be a film tonight. (√)

  [析] 一般将来时用在 There be 句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be.... / There will be....。

  16. 例I'll go hiking if it won't rain next Sunday. (×)

  I'll go hiking if it doesn't rain next Sunday.(√)

  [析] 习惯上在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用了一般将来时,从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。

  17.例 Teacher told us yesterday that the earth went around the sun. (×)

  Teacher told us yesterday that the earth goes around the sun. (√)

  [析] 习惯上在含有宾语从句的复合句中,主句的谓语动词用了一般过去时,从句的谓语动词要用过去的某种时态。但如果从句表述的是一客观事实或客观真理时,则不受主句时态的影响,而用一般现在时。

  18. All the balls are not round. 翻译成汉语:

  所有的球都不是圆的。(×)并不是所有的球都是圆的。(√)

  [析] all, every, both等词和not连用时,not通常放在all, every, both的后面,一般情况下表示部分否定,意为"并非……都……"。

  19. 例--- He didn't go to school yesterday, did he?-- _______, though he didn't feel very well.

  A. No, he didn't (×) B. Yes, he did (√)

  例--- Don't you usually come to school by bike?-- _______. But I sometimes walk.

  A. No, I don't (×) B. Yes, I do (√)

  [析] 习惯上英语中的yes意为"是的",no意为"不",但在"前否后肯"的反意疑问句或否定疑问句中,yes意为"不",no意为"是的"。

  20.---- Excuse me, is the supermarket far from here?---- No,it's about _______.

  A. 7 minutes walk B. 7 minute walk C. 7 minutes' walk D. 7 minute's walk

  答案为C。本题考查名词所有格用法。当名词的复数以-s结尾时,则只需要加"'"即可,则"7分钟的距离"为"7 minutes' walk"。

  21. You can not imagine how much I ______ on this dress. Is it beautiful?

  A. paid B. took C. cost D. spent

  [剖析] 答案为D。本题考察四个表"花费"的动词辨析。主语为人,且和介词on搭配的动词是spend。

  22. ---- Do you know _____ university student who is talking with Joe?---- Yes, she,s my cousin, Kate.

  A. a B. an C. the D. /

  [剖析] 答案为C。university虽然以元音字母u开头,但其前若使用不定冠词时,则要用a.不过此题中不能使用不定冠词,而是特指和Joe说话的那个大学生,故要选the。

  23. The number of giant pandas is getting ______ because their living areas are becoming farmlands.

  A. less and less B. larger and larger C. smaller and smaller D. fewer and

  fewer

  [剖析] 答案为C。句意为"大熊猫的数量越来越少因为他们的生存空间正逐渐变成农场"。本题中四个选项都是"比较级+ and + 比较级"的结构,表示"越来越……"。主语为number,只能和large或small搭配。而结合句意可判断答案为C。

  24. Be careful when you come _______ the street,because the traffic is very busy

  at the moment.A. across B. behind C. between D. over

  [剖析] 答案为A。本题考察方位介词的用法。"过马路"一般为表面横穿,因此要用across。

  25. ---- Do you often clean your classroom?---- Yes, our classroom ______ every day.

  A. clean B. cleans C. is cleaned D. Cleaned

  [剖析] 答案为C。句中有every day,主语为our classroom,故要用一般现在时的被动语态。

  26. Lucy usually cleans the cage every two days. (对画线部分提问)_ _______ Lucy usually clean the cage?

  [剖析] 答案为How often does。对every two days提问要用how often。

  27. I didn't understand __________,so I raised my hand to ask...

  A. what my teacher says B. what does my teacher say C. what my teacher said D. what did my teacher say

  [剖析] 答案为C。本题为宾语从句,由于需要用陈述语序可排除B、D;另外,主句时态为一般过去时,则从句也要用对应的过去时态,故还可排除A。

  28. ---- How much ______ the shoes? ---- Five dollars ______ enough.

  A. is;is B. are;is C. are;are D. is;are

  [剖析] 答案为B。shoes作主语时,谓语动词应用复数形式;five dollars是一个整体,应按单数对待。

  29. 误〕 We got to the top of the mountain in daybreak. 〔正〕 We got to the top of the mountain at day break.

  〔析〕 at用于具体时刻之前,如:sunrise, midday, noon, sunset, midnight, night。

  30. 〔误〕 Dont sleep at daytime 〔正〕 Dont sleep in daytime.

  〔析〕 in 要用于较长的一段时间之内,如:in the morning / afternoon, 或 in the week / month / year. 或 in spring / supper /autumn / winter等等。

关注奥数网官方微信 数学资料、数学真题、更有全国教育资讯
微信搜索“奥数网”或扫描二维码即可添加

   您还可以通过手机、平板电脑等移动设备访问石家庄奥数网,升学路上有我们相伴。>>[点击查看]

相关文章

点击查看更多
  • 欢迎扫描二维码
    关注奥数网微信
    ID:aoshu_2003

  • 欢迎扫描二维码
    关注中考网微信
    ID:zhongkao_com

公益讲座

热门中学

试题资料

教育导航

  1. 北京站 上海站 广州站 深圳站
  2. 天津站 武汉站 成都站 石家庄站
  3. 南京站 杭州站 济南站 苏州站
  4. 郑州站 沈阳站 太原站 重庆站
  5. 长沙站 合肥站 宁波站 青岛站
本地教育

本地教育资讯 | 择校指南 | 经验总结

面试指导 | 简历制作 | 衔接问题

分班考试 | 考试真题 | 学区房

热门资料

练习题 | 学习资料

真题资料 | 教育新闻

重点中学

石家庄四十三中 | 石家庄四十一中

石家庄第四十中 | 石家庄第二中学

石家庄二十八中 | 石家庄四十二中

小学试题

期中试题 | 口算题

期末试题 | 知识点

单元测试 | 练习题

京ICP备09042963号-9 京公网安备 11010802020155号

违法和不良信息举报电话:010-56762110      举报邮箱:wzjubao@tal.com

奥数网版权所有Copyright@2005-2021 www.aoshu.com. All Rights Reserved.